The Great War

The Great War

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No 46 Squadron was formed at RAF Wyton on 19 April 1916 from a nucleus trained in No. 2 Reserve Squadron and moved to France in October 1916 equipped with Nieuport 2-seaters. The Squadron undertook artillery co-operation, and surveillance operations until May 1917, when it took on a more offensive role after rearming with the Sopwith Pup The change from a corps to a fighter squadron came at a moment when Allied air superiority was being seriously challenged by Germany, in particular by the introduction of the “circuses” which were formed and led by Manfred von Richthofen (the “Red Baron”). Operating under the 11th Army Wing, the Squadron was intensively engaged and had many combats with the enemy. In July 1917, No 46 Squadron returned to Sutton’s Farm (later RAF Hornchurch), Essex, for the defence of London, which had been heavily raided by Gotha bombers a short time previously; no enemy aircraft penetrated its patrol area however, and the squadron returned to France at the end of August. In November 1917, the squadron was re-equipped with Sopwith Camels and gave valuable assistance to the infantry in the Battle of Cambrai attack. During the closing stages of the War, the Squadron was very active bombing lines of communication and ammunition dumps in the Enemy rear areas. Intensive low-level ground attack work was carried out after the German Spring Offensive in March 1918, the unit suffering high casualties as a result. The Squadron also did excellent work in the German Great Retreat in the few weeks before the signing of the Armistice. Towards the end of January 1919, No 46 Squadron was reduced to a cadre and in February was returned to England early, being finally disbanded on the last day of the year.

You might enjoy this email from the President of an association of volunteer named : Abbaye de Beaupré, Etude et Sauvegarde du Site, at La Gorgue, North of France. Which gives fascinating details off the Squadron’s time at the airfield. You might also be interested in this Flicker gallery which contains some wonderful pictures of the Squadron while at La Gorgue.

 

A very interesting 1987 documentary “The Cavalry of the Clouds”

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